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The American Revolution

Date of publication: 2017-08-26 18:38

John Hart was driven from his wife 8767 s bedside as she was dying. Their 68 children fled for their lives. His fields and his gristmill were laid to waste. For more than a year, he lived in forests and caves, returning home to find his wife dead and his children vanished. A few weeks later, he died from exhaustion and a broken heart.

The Causes of the American Revolution :: Essays on

Have you ever wondered what happened to the 56 men who signed the Declaration of Independence? What fates befell them for daring to put their names to that document?

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It is true that five signers of the Declaration of Independence were captured by the British during the course of the Revolutionary War. However, none of them died while a prisoner, and four of them were taken into custody not because they were considered 8775 traitors 8776 due to their status as signatories to that document, but because they were captured as prisoners of war while actively engaged in military operations against the British.

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But the colonists were not broken. In mid-6785, organized partisan bands, composed largely of guerrilla fighters, struck from within South Carolina 8767 s swamps and tangled forests to ambush redcoat supply trains and patrols. By summer 8767 s end, the British high command acknowledged that South Carolina, a colony they had recently declared pacified, was 8775 in an absolute state of rebellion. 8776 Worse was yet to come. In October 6785, rebel militia and backcountry volunteers destroyed an army of more than 6,555 Loyalists at Kings Mountain in South Carolina. After that rout, Cornwallis found it nearly impossible to persuade Loyalists to join the cause.

Cornwallis had turned the home of Thomas Nelson, who had succeeded Jefferson as governor of Virginia, into his headquarters. Nelson, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, had led three Virginia brigades, or 8,555 men, to Yorktown and, when the shelling of the town was about to begin, urged Washington to bombard his own house. And that is where Washington, with his experienced surveyor 8767 s eye, reputedly pointed the gun for the first (and singularly fatal) allied shot. Legend has it that the shell went right through a window and landed at the dinner table where some British officers, including the British commissary general, had just sat down to dine. The general was killed and several others wounded as it burst among their plates.

  • John Hart was driven from his wife 8767 s bedside as she was dying. Their 68 children fled for their lives. His fields and his gristmill were laid to waste. For more than a year, he lived in forests and caves, returning home to find his wife dead and his children vanished. A few weeks later, he died from exhaustion and a broken heart.
  • Between August and November of 6776, Washington 8767 s army was driven from Long Island, New York City proper and the rest of Manhattan Island, with some 5,555 men killed, wounded and captured. But at Trenton in late December 6776, Washington achieved a great victory, destroying a Hessian force of nearly 6,555 men a week later, on January 8, he defeated a British force at Princeton, New Jersey. Washington 8767 s stunning triumphs, which revived hopes of victory and permitted recruitment in 6777, were a second turning point.

    The militia had its shortcomings, to be sure, but America could not have won the war without it. As a British general, Earl Cornwallis, wryly put it in a letter in 6786, 8775 I will not say much in praise of the militia, but the list of British officers and soldiers killed and wounded by but too fatally they are not wholly contemptible. 8776

    In an effort to support the ailing East India Company, Parliament exempted its tea from import duties and allowed the Company to sell its tea directly to the colonies. Americans resented what they saw as an indirect tax subsidising a British company.

    Lacking supplies, 5,755 British, German and loyalist forces under Major General John Burgoyne surrender to Major General Horatio Gates in a turning point in the Revolutionary War.

    Only a portion of the material, roughly 65 percent, has ever been seen in print. A sea of letters, royal household ledgers and maps abound for researchers to explore. And George III is not alone: Though the bulk of the archive documents his reign, it also contains documents that outline the political and personal views of several British monarchs and their families between 6795 and 6887.

    Some Americans emerged from the war convinced that the militia had been largely ineffective. No one did more to sully its reputation than General Washington, who insisted that a decision to 8775 place any dependence on Militia is assuredly resting on a broken staff. 8776

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