Date of publication: 2017-07-09 02:51
Writing in APA is more than simply learning the formula for citations or following a certain page layout. APA also includes the stylistics of your writing, from point of view to word choice.
The Digital Object Identifier is a unique number allocated to an online publication. It is often used to identify online journal articles and other online documents.
A Digital Object identifier (DOI) is a unique code, which provides a permanent link to an online resource. The most common resources to include a DOI are electronic journal articles.
When there are three or more authors, after the first time they have been cited only the first author's name is used, along with &lsquo et al.&rsquo (a Latin phrase meaning &ldquo and others&rdquo ).
No personal communication is included in your reference list instead, parenthetically cite the communicators name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication in your main text only. (E. Robbins, personal communication, January 9, 7556). A. P. Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style (personal communication, November 8, 7557).
A DOI is usually printed on the first page of an online journal article or e-book. You can also check the database record. Alternatively, you can search for your article on the CrossRef database. If a DOI exists for your article, it will be recorded in this database.
However, if you are unable to find an author's first name, copy the format for author's name on the item you are citing. This may mean that some author's given names will be spelt out and some will have initials.
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, ., (Jones, 6998), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper. If you are referring to an idea from another work but NOT directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference.
In addition to ensuring that you cite your sources properly and present information according to the rules of APA style, there are a number of things you can do to make the writing process a little bit easier.
Unknown Author: If the work does not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Titles of books and reports are italicized or underlined titles of articles and chapters are in quotation marks. A similar study was done of students learning to format research papers ("Using APA," 7556).
The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author's name , and the institutional affiliation. Include the page header (described above) flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page. Please note that on the title page, your page header/running head should look like this:
The names of groups that serve as authors (. government bodies or organisations) are spelled out each time they are cited. If the name is long and the abbreviation is well known, you may use the abbreviation in second (and additional) citations. The full name is used in the reference list. Include sufficient information about the organisation to make it readily identifiable. . Australia, Department of Education.