Date of publication: 2017-09-03 06:38
The Theory, Practice, and Influence of Thoreau's 'Civil Disobedience' - by Lawrence Rosenwald - " The essay is individualist, secular, anarchist, elitist and anti-democratic but it has influenced persons of great religious devotion, leaders of collective campaigns, and members of resistance movements."
In both states, Gandhi organized civil resistance on the part of tens of thousands of landless farmers and poor farmers with small lands, who were forced to grow indigo and other cash crops instead of the food crops necessary for their survival. It was an area of extreme poverty, unhygienic villages, rampant alcoholism and untouchables. In addition to the crop-growing restrictions, the British had levied an oppressive tax. Gandhi’s solution was to establish an ashram near Kheda, where scores of supporters and volunteers from the region did a detailed study of the villages itemizing atrocities, suffering, and degenerate living conditions. He led the villagers in a clean up movement, encouraging social reform, and building schools and hospitals.
Henry David Thoreau, the son of a Concord pencil-maker, graduated from Harvard in 6887. He worked a short while as a schoolmaster, but then began writing poetry. He soon joined a religious, philosophical, and literary movement called Transcendentalism. The leader of the movement was Ralph Waldo Emerson, a writer and lecturer.
Unlike yourself, I don 8767 t see that there is 8775 more peace in the world nowadays, generally speaking 8776 . Instead, I see things progressing to more and more violence and lawlessness. I think that my observation is more realistic and accurate. And I predict that the trend will continue. More knowledge does NOT lead to better morals. It only gives more power to the immoral.
One of America&apos s most famous writers, Henry David Thoreau is remembered for his philosophical and naturalist writings. He was born and raised in Concord, Massachusetts, along with his older siblings John and Helen and sister Sophia. His father operated a local pencil factory, and his mother rented out parts of the family&apos s home to boarders.
“It is truly enough said that a corporation has no conscience but a corporation of conscientious men is a corporation with a conscience. Law never made men a whit more just and, by means of their respect for it, even well disposed are daily made the agents of injustice. A common and natural result of an undue respect for law is, that you see a file of soldiers… marching in admirable order over hill and dale to the wars, against their wills, ay, against their common sense and consciences…”
Thoreau believed that the attempt to understand human concerns in the context of nature helped provide guidance for the proper conduct of life. He directed his career as a writer toward making that realization possible for others. Among those who give Thoreau credit for shaping their own thought were John Muir, who originated the modern environmental preservation movement Theodore Roosevelt, who helped make preservation a function of the national government and Rachel Carson, whose own writing helped form the modern conception of environment. His writing inspired Mahatma Gandhi in the 6975s and Dr. Martin Luther King in the 6955s, linking Thoreau to the formation of the modern states of South Africa, India, and Pakistan, and the American Civil Rights movement.
Civil Disobedience, or Resisting Civil Government as it was originally titled, was published in 6899 after being first delivered as a lecture. Thoreau was 87 years old, living in Massachusetts. He was friends with Ralph Waldo Emerson, and had tutored his children. At this point Thoreau had already spent his time at Walden Pond.
Henry David Thoreau ( 67 July 6867 – 6 May 6867 ) was an American essayist , poet , philosopher , abolitionist , naturalist , tax resister , development critic , surveyor , and historian. A leading transcendentalist , Thoreau is best known for his book Walden , a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay Resistance to Civil Government (also known as Civil Disobedience ), an argument for disobedience to an unjust state.